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Classification and Standardisation
Common Data Environment (CDE)
Digital Twin
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Organization of information



Assembling the entire BIM design and construction team in a single location (“Co-location”) enables almost instant and direct communication and coordination among team members. This

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Facility Lifecycle

This refers to the time span stretching from a building’s conception to demolition including the five distinctive phases (Planning, Design, Construction, Operations, and Disposition).1 1

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A lane is a sub-partition within a process (often within a pool) that runs the length of the process level, either vertically or horizontally. Lanes

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Last Planner System®

The collaborative, commitment-based planning system that integrates “should-canwill-did planning” (pull planning, make-ready look-ahead planning with constraint analysis, weekly work planning based upon reliable promises, and

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Last Planner®

The person or group that makes assignments to direct workers. Project Architect and ‘discipline lead’ are common names for last planners in design processes. ‘Superintendent’

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Jarek Wityk

lead appointed party

The term introduced by ISO 19650 typically describes the Tier 1 Main Contractor. For example: : Tier 1 = Lead Appointed Party Tier 2 and

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Lean construction

Lean Construction is the method of project management aiming to reduce waste on a project and improving the efficiency and quality of produced work [1].

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Lean Project Delivery System

An organized implementation of Lean Principles and Tools combined to allow a team to operate in unison.[1] [1] The Massachusetts Port Authority, 2015. BIM Guidelines

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Lessons learned

Although BS EN ISO 19650-2: 2018 recommend that lessons learned should be captured throughout the entire project, the standard is dedicated for the delivery phase

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Level of detail (LOD)

Level of detail (LOD) it is a term introduced by PAS 1192, used in relation with management of the progression and uses of information. Typically

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Level of information need

The term describes the details and amount of information required. It is a framework which defines the extent and granularity of data to be exchanged.

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Level of model definition

The PAS1192 term is replaced by ‘Level of information need’ an ISO19650 term Level of information need is a more generic term than any of

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life cycle

stages and activities spanning the life of the system from the definition of its requirements to thetermination of its use, covering its conception, development, operation,

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Look Ahead Plan

A short interval plan, based on the pull/phase plan, that identifies all the activities to be performed in the next 6 (or other) weeks. The

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Miller’s law

Argument introduced by Miller, G. A., suggests that the number of objects an average human can hold in short-term memory is 7 ± 2.[1] From

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