National digital twin

An ecosystem of digital twins connected via securely shared data.

Cyber-Physical Systems

Systems that include integrations of computation, networking, and physical processes with feedback loops where physical processes affect computations and vice versa4. An example of a Cyber-Physical System is a Digital Twin, where a building has a virtual model that is populated by sensor data from that building and uses computation to alter the state of […]

Internet of Things (IoT)

This phrase refers to networked infrastructures that interconnect physical objects and allow for the management of the data they generate. A typical example of IoT is a home energy monitor connected to an app on mobile phone, or a voice-activated system such as Alexa or Google Home that allows the user to play music or […]

smart building

The term “smart building” was originally introduced by the European Union in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)[1] as one of the main enablers of the future of the built environment, particularly the building sector. Smart buildings are able to manage their energy generation, performance and demand depended on asset use and the internal and environmental […]

Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)

The industrial IoT (IIoT) forms an integral part of Industry 4.0, and smart manufacturing refers to interconnected sensors, and other input/output devices linked to manufacturing applications, supporting industrial automation and digitalisation. The secure wired and wireless connectivity, the modular framework allows flexible production and adaptation of production lines responding to pull requests.

digital built environment

The terminology such as digital built environment and smart asset management, often referred to as Digital Construction, encompasses multiple technologies and processes related to information or project management and the management of related actionable events that trigger various outcomes. Smart, connected technologies transform how we design, manufacture, use and maintain parts, products, and the entire […]

Virtual Design and Construction

Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) is the use of design models and project information to apply construction processes in a virtual environment to reduce time, cost, and ensure design intent. The specific concept is to inexpensively prevent, and if necessary, to expose and fix errors and omissions in an electronic representation of a project rather […]

UK BIM Framework

The UK BIM Framework was developed by the UK BIM Alliance, BSI, and the Centre for Digital Built Britain associated with the Construction Industry Council (CIC) to implement international BIM standards in the UK context. Formally launched in October 2019, it explicitly integrates the BS EN ISO 19650 series into UK working practices. However, it […]