Globally Unique Identifier (GUID)

globally unique identifier (GUID) its a unique object identifier that guarantees its uniqueness throughout its entire life unique, the identifier is usually generated using an algorithm a unique identifier generated using an algorithm [1] identifier given to a product that guarantees its uniqueness throughout its entire life [2] In Windows operating system and Windows applications […]

BS EN ISO 16739-1:2020

Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) for data sharing in the construction and facility management industries Part 1: Data schema

BS EN ISO 21597-1:2020

Information container for linked document delivery — Exchange specification Part 1: Container


A system for naming and organizing a set of words or phrases, into groups that share similar qualities, used for organising information and primarily intended for browsing. In BIM contexts its classification of concepts and terminology according to a clear structure. The term “Taxonomy” comes from terms “Taxos”, ordering and “nomos”, rule. [1], Taxonomy is […]

macro diffusion dynamics

adoption model which identifies three diffusion dynamics top-down, bottom-up and middle-out Macro-Diffusion Dynamics model v1.1 (full size, current version). Macro-BIM adoption: Conceptual structures

Portable document format (PDF)

It’s a versatile file format developed by Adobe that allows people to easily present and exchange documents – regardless of the software, hardware, or operating systems used by anyone who views the document. The International Organization for Standardization now maintains the PDF format as an open standard (ISO). Links and buttons, form fields, audio, video, […]

Geographic Information System (GIS)

A geographic information system (GIS) is a framework for gathering, managing, and analyzing data. Rooted in the science of geography, GIS integrates many types of data. It analyzes spatial location and organizes layers of information into visualizations using maps and 3D scenes. ​With this unique capability, GIS reveals deeper insights into data, such as patterns, […]


a term defined by BS 1192:2007 means a spatial subdivision of a project to allow multiple people to work on Project Information Model simultaneously, i.e. Revit. Volumes illustrate how Project Information Models can be divided into independent units, for a range of purposes. also two character volume/system field within BS EN ISO 19650-2 Information Container […]

Distributed Ledger Technology

Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) is an encrypted and distributed database that serves as a register for storing records of transactions. At the core of DLT is a data model that uses cryptography for transactions, allowing updates and verifications depending on the specific blockchain network and stakeholder objectives


The blockchain is a transaction database shared by all nodes involved in the system based on the Bitcoin protocol. It is a data structure consisting of linked blocks (e.g. confirmed financial transactions) that refer to or refer to earlier ones and form a chain in linear chronological order. A full copy of any transaction that […]