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Digital Construction (electrical)

term introduced first in PAS 1192 and updated in ISO 19650 framework, it depicts the process of specifying and delivery of project and asset information

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forms a framework that supports informed and consistent decision making by project teams, at each work stage, helping to deliver agreed and reliable information.

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Exchange Information Requirements (EIR) term introduced by BS EN 19650 replace the PAS 1192 term Employer Information Requirements (EIR) on all projects where BS EN ISO 19650 compliance is required.

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The term introduced by ISO 19650 typically describes the Tier 1 Main Contractor.

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breakdown structure to help plan the production of information

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schedule of information containers and delivery dates, for a specific task team

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An MPDT its old PAS 1192 term, the MPDT defines who produces what, when and to what level of detail.

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Building Information Modelling (BIM)[1] broadly describes the processes employed during digital information management related to a built asset such as a building, bridge, highway or tunnel.

ISO 19650 outlines a framework for the management of information during the life cycle of a built asset using better information management.

While the term ‘Building Information Modeling (BIM)’ is commonly used in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) sector, the rapid technological advancements sometimes linked to or viewed as Industry 4.0 have outpaced its ability to encompass the current scope of the field. Consequently, industry professionals are increasingly adopting a more apt descriptor alongside BIM: ‘Building Information Management’ (BIM)[2] [3]

BIM now is more than just build asset information management, it encompasses a range of system of systems; it is a management of built asset information interconnected with areas such as:

  • Transport
    • Connected/autonomous vehicle
    • Just-in-time delivery
    • Traffic flow optimisation based on live data
    • Connected fleet – intelligent supply chain devices
  • Manufacturing
    • Off-site manufacturing
  • Environment
  • global economy
    • smart grid
    • smart/connected city
    • big data

While the terms ‘Building Information Modeling’ and ‘Building Information Management,’ both abbreviated as BIM, are deeply ingrained in the industry, the evolving nature of the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) sector might lead to the adoption of terms that more accurately reflect current practices. These could include ‘Digital Construction,’ ‘Embedded Digital Technology,’ or a more streamlined ‘Information Management (IM).’ However, it’s noteworthy that the acronym BIM has been suitably redefined by Steve Race, author of ‘BIM Demystified’.[10] as ‘Better Information Management.’[9], This reinterpretation aligns seamlessly with the industry’s ongoing progress and may contribute to the enduring relevance of the BIM acronym.

Building Information Modelling (BIM) …’a collaborative way of working underpinned by digital technologies. It uses a shared digital representation of an asset to facilitate design, construction and operation processes to form a reliable basis for decisions. Greater efficiencies can be realized due to significant pre-planning during the design and construction phases, providing comprehensive information at handover stage.’… [4]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) …’use of a shared digital representation of a built asset to facilitate design, construction and operation processes to form a reliable basis for decisions’…[5]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) …’provides a digital process for describing and displaying information required in the planning, design, construction and operation of constructed facilities. This approach encompasses all aspects of the built environment, including civil infrastructure, utilities and public space.’…[6]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) …’ shared digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of any built object, including buildings, bridges, roads, process plant’… [7]

Building Information Modelling (BIM) …’a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility. A building information model is a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle; defined as existing from earliest conception to demolition.’… [8]

[1] BS EN ISO 19650-1 2018 Clause 3.3.14, BS EN ISO 23387:2020

[2] Gov, H., 2020. THE CONSTRUCTION PLAYBOOK Government Guidance on sourcing and contracting public works projects and programmes.

[3] Cube, C., 2021. NIBS Convenes BIM Executive Roundtable on Construction Industry Digital Transformation – National Institute of Building Sciences [WWW Document]. National Institute of Building Sciences. (accessed 2.10.21).

[4] BSI Built Environment Little book of BIM

[5] BS EN ISO 19650-1 2018 Clause 3.3.14

[6] BS EN ISO 23387:2020

[7] PD ISO/TS 12911:2012, NOTE 1 Adapted from ISO 29481-1:2010, definition 2.2., NOTE 2 Building information model is frequently used as a synonym for BIM.’ NOTE 3 It may form the common basis for decisions and may form the contractual point of reference, across one or more stages in the life cycle.

[8] The National BIM Standard-United States™ (NBIMS-US™) 

[9] According to George Stevenson Chair of BIM4Housing

[10] Race, S. (2013). BIM Demystified  An architect’s guide to Building Information Modelling/Management (BIM) (2nd edition). RIBA Publishing.

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